Femara is the strongest anti-estrogen available on the market, and as such, it can be beneficial for treating various medical conditions. However, estrogens are hormones responsible for regulating female development and growth, and as such, their absence can lead to multiple problems. Therefore, this article will look at how Femara can be instrumental in treating various medical conditions.
NOTE: The information we are delivering is for educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice
A Brief Overview of Estrogen and Its Effects
The human body produces estrogen and progesterone naturally, but the ovaries also produce these hormones in females, the adrenal glands in males, and certain brain parts. These hormones help regulate a variety of functions, including:
- The development and function of the female reproductive system.
- The function of the bones and connective tissues.
- The regulation of the menstrual cycle.
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy and production of breast milk.
- The growth and maintenance of muscles, the heart, and other organs.
While both hormones are essential for women, progesterone is considered the primary hormone responsible for the monthly menstrual cycle. On the other hand, estrogen is the vital hormone responsible for developing and maintaining the female reproductive system.
Estrogen and Progesterone Levels During Menstruation
During menstruation, estrogen and progesterone levels rise and fall, which causes the lining of the uterus to shed and the uterine lining to be replaced. This process occurs every month, but estrogen and progesterone levels vary significantly in women. The menstrual cycle begins with a low level of estrogen and progesterone, which is followed by an increase in estrogen and progesterone levels. The highest level of estrogen is typically reached just before menstruation begins.
The level of estrogen then falls as the level of progesterone rises. Finally, after menstruation has ended, the estrogen level drops again, and the progesterone level rises. After a few days, the ovaries begin to produce a new supply of eggs that will mature during the next menstrual cycle.
High levels of estradiol (estrogen) are associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and endometriosis. These conditions involve the formation of many small cysts on the ovaries and in the uterus lining.
What Is Femara?
Femara, also known as Letrozole, is the strongest anti-estrogen in the market that helps reduce the anti-estrogen effect on the body. Femara works by blocking the production of estrogen in the body. It comes in the category of aromatase inhibitors. This helps in reducing the effects of estrogen in the body. You can take it by mouth with a glass of water at least 30 minutes before breakfast and dinner. However, it is better to take the medication at night as the effect will be maximum during sleep. Do not stop taking the drug until the doctor tells you to do so.
The Use of Femara in Different Medical Conditions
Femara is used to treat postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer and hormone-dependent breast cancer. It has been quite effective for patients with advanced ovarian cancer that has not responded to first-line chemotherapy. Fermara can use for the treatment of endometriosis. In addition, it can be used to treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It can also be beneficial for treating uterine fibroids and ovarian cancer treatment. Clomid is another anti-estrogen that can also be used to treat estrogen-related conditions.
What Are The Side Effects of Femara?
The most common side effect of Femara tablets is hot flashes, vaginal bleeding, mood changes, and headache. It can cause a temporary decrease in sex drive and an increase in anxiety.
Other Potential Side Effects
There are no authentic studies to prove that Femara causes congenital disabilities in the unborn child. However, it can cause an increase in miscarriage rates. It is also advisable to use Femara tablets only if you have a positive pregnancy test. It is unknown whether Femara causes long-term harm to the growing fetus or children. So, it is better to avoid using this medication during pregnancy. It is not recommended to use Femara tablets in older adults because the drug may not be as effective as in younger people.